Rudra – Father of the Maruts – Indian Mythology


In the Rig Veda, Rudra is a God who belongs to the atmospheric group of Gods, who are Rudra, Indra, ApamNapat, the Maruts, Vayu, Parjanya and the ocean. In the Puranas and in later texts, this name is an appelation of Lord Shiva. Conversely, in the Rig Veda, Rudra is also addressed as Shiva, completing the association.
However, in the Rig Veda, he is definitely a subordinate deity. He is the only God who is described as having negative qualities. His wife is Prsni (who is either a cow, or a storm-cloud), and the Maruts are his sons. They are either hundred and eighty or twenty one in number. Some of his attributes (he is brown colored, his form is dazzling, he has braided hair), are also attributes of Shiva.

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