Mitra – Protector of Oaths – Indian Mythology


Mitra is a deity of the pre-vedic period. In the Rig Veda, he is mostly addressed in the dual Mitra-Varuna, and sometimes as part of the dual Mitra-Indra. His association with Varuna is so tight, that there is only one hymn [R.V.3.59] where he is addressed separately. He is the protector of oaths and lord of justice (along with Varuna). In the Brahmanas, Mitra is associated with day and Varuna is connected with night.
He appears to be more well established in the ancient persian texts where he is closely associated with the sun. In Sanskrit the name means either “friend” or “associate”. He is a benevolent God.

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